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public-private partnerships

Cynthia Olotch — 10 candid career questions with infrastructure & PPP professionals

Cynthia Olotch's picture

鉴于我们几乎每天都会看到关于移民和难民的头条新闻 社论联合国难民署报告称全世界强制性移民人数自二战以来已达到6000万,也就不足为奇了。这一数字包括国内移民、难民以及寻求避难者。

尽管很多人以难民身份迁移,但其他人则以空前增速自愿迁移。在下文中,我介绍了区域、国家和经济层面移民和难民数据的一些趋势。但首先要弄清移民与难民有何区别。

联合国难民署指出,难民系指因担心遭到迫害而被迫逃离其原籍国之人,移民则指出于就业、学习或家人团聚等原因而自愿离开其原籍国之人。移民在国外居住期间仍受到其原籍国政府的保护,而难民则缺乏其原籍国的保护。

Helping Brazil realize its infrastructure promise

Paul Procee's picture
Una familia beneficiaria de la comunidad de San José del Paredón (en Chuquisaca, Bolivia) celebra la instalación el nuevo sistema de riego.
Una familia beneficiaria de la comunidad de San José del Paredón celebra la instalación el nuevo sistema de riego. Foto: Gabriela Orozco / Banco Mundial

“Cuando la empresa no nos cumplió, le pusimos una multa. Tenemos que ser firmes con las empresas y con los proveedores, porque de lo contrario no cumplen. Así es como se saca adelante el proyecto”. Este testimonio me impresionó mucho cuando lo escuché de una mujer indígena en Bolivia, una mujer orgullosa de ser parte del comité directivo y de defender los intereses de la comunidad en el proyecto.

Bolivia tiene una historia de éxito fantástica que contar sobre cómo se alienta a las mujeres rurales a asumir el liderazgo en sus comunidades y organizaciones y cómo ellas y sus familias superan la pobreza.

Building on success: PPPs in a new era of Canadian infrastructure

Mark Romoff's picture

Also available in françaisلعربية 


Photo: Hubert Figuière | Flickr Creative Commons

Canada has quietly become a leading player in the global PPP space. The unique Canadian version of the procurement model has evolved from an innovative idea promoted through the wisdom and passion of a few early believers and visionaries into a widely applied approach, embraced by all three levels of government and in every region of the country.
 
What might seem an “overnight success” has, in fact, taken 25 years of listening and learning to develop a smart, innovative, modern approach to infrastructure and service delivery using Public-Private Partnerships. It’s an approach that ensures real value for tax dollars and the efficient use of precious public resources.

A decade of PPPs in Latin America and the Caribbean: What have we learned?

Roland Michelitsch's picture

Introduction: decompression in the development discourse
 
The US Securities and Exchange Commission is consulting on a proposal to require public companies to report the ratio of top executive compensation to the median compensation of their employees. ‘The gap in pay between chief executives and rank-and-file employees has been growing steadily, and now regulators want companies to tell investors just how wide it is,’ said the New York Times in its recent report.

Yet the essence of the SEC proposal is at odds with the way we have approached public sector pay reform in developing countries over the last twenty years or so. During that time, Bank and Fund reports have routinely focused on the ‘compression ratio’ – that is, the differential between the highest and lowest paid employees – and habitually recommended decompression. See, for instance, this IMF Technical Note which includes the compression ratio among the indicators to be used for evaluating government employment and compensation. Altering the ratio in favour of the highest earners would boost performance incentives for all, it was thought. A World Bank report for Timor Leste from 2011 is a typical example:

Uma década de PPPs na América Latina e Caribe: O que aprendemos?

Roland Michelitsch's picture

As countries prepare to meet at the G20 summit in Turkey next week, global growth and infrastructure needs will be at the top of decision makers’ concerns. And rightly so: Infrastructure – roads, bridges, ports, power plants, water supply – drive economic growth in many countries by facilitating manufacturing, services and trade. But it’s not just a matter of building more. To achieve good development on a planet stressed by climate change and diminishing natural resources, infrastructure needs to be sustainable.

The Global Infrastructure Facility: What is it really and what have we been doing?

Towfiqua Hoque's picture

 Connect4Climate


Sitting on the train heading back from New York to Washington D.C., gazing out of the window at stressed watersheds, I had some time to reflect on a very special Climate Week. What does it all add up to? Where does it leave us as a global community needing speed and scale in our climate action?

Much is being written. Let me add a perspective. Here are three thoughts amid my swirl of memories, moments and impressions.

Climate osmosis – the street reaches the hallowed halls

It was difficult to stand in the canyon that is 6th Avenue, with a sea of people stretching in both directions – environmental activists, nurses, pensioners, business people, every possible faith community, moms, a sprinkling of celebrity and a dash of statesmen – and not be moved. On the Sunday before the Summit, more than half a million people took to the streets in People’s Climate Marches in New York and more than 160 countries across the globe. The marchers demanded climate action from their leaders, suggesting that the politics of climate action, once considered too hard to handle, might no longer be as difficult as leaders think.

The reverberations continued for 48 hours and became a point of reference in almost every speech at the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Leadership Summit. More than 120 heads of state and government came to hint and in some cases pledge action on climate change. New coalitions of governments, businesses, investors, multilateral development banks and civil society groups announced plans to mobilize over $200 billion for low-carbon, climate-resilient development. Forests and cities were big winners, landing pledges of around $450 million for forests and bringing together more than 2,000 cities in a new Compact of Mayors to help improve accounting of urban greenhouse gas emissions and the actions cities are taking to reduce them.

Coming together is the way forward: Maximizing Finance for Development

Hartwig Schafer's picture


In a video shown at the UN Climate Leadership Summit on Sept. 23, 2014, German Chancellor Angela Merkel talks about her country's support for carbon pricing and how it can drive low-carbon growth. 

Slight bump in half-year private investment in infrastructure: a sign of recovery?

Cledan Mandri-Perrott's picture

Taking politics seriously
 
The idea political incentives play a powerful role in development—creating opportunities for change in some contexts, frustrating efforts in others—is not a new one.  For many years now, academics and aid agencies have acknowledged that the uptake and impact of best practice reforms depends, in part, on the incentives of leaders and citizens, on formal and informal institutional arrangements, on historical legacies and structural drivers.  And as a result, many aid agencies have made efforts to “take politics seriously.”

Three ways to manage construction risk to support infrastructure investment

Eric Dean Cook's picture

Young entrepreneurs from Latin America

Miles de jóvenes emprendedores de 43 países de todo el mundo participaron en una serie de diálogos online y presenciales como parte de las actividades de Rumbo a Lima. Y la inclusión de los jóvenes en un proceso tan importante fue posible gracias al Grupo del Banco Mundial y el Young Americas Business Trust (YABT).

Catalyzing Change: Regional Roundtables on Infrastructure Governance

Olivier Fremond's picture

Young entrepreneurs from Latin America

Thousands of young entrepreneurs from 43 countries across the world took part in a series of online and onsite dialogues as part of the Road to Lima 2015 activities. The inclusion of youth in such an important process was possible thanks to the World Bank Group and the Young Americas Business Trust (YABT).


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